Development of Nitrocellulose-based Propellants With Natural Stabilizers


  • Rodrigo Leonard Barboza Rodrigues
  • Maurício Ferrapontoff Lemos
  • Tanos Celmar Costa França
  • Letivan Gonçalvez Mendonça Filho


Nitrocellulose, Stabilizers, Green propellant, Prediction, Toxicity


Traditional stabilizers for nitrocellulose-based (NC-based) propellants are known to have carcinogenic, mutagenic and toxicity to reproduction potentials. Therefore, the replacement of these stabilizers in the propellants formulations is necessary, but with no losses regarding stabilization efficiency and shelf life of propellant. In this context, NC-based propellants were prepared using the natural substances curcumin and guaiacol as stabilizers. The chemical stability of the samples evaluated by a heat-flux microcalorimeter (HFC) suggests that the new propellants are more stable than the traditional ones. Also, a complementary in silico analysis was performed on toxicity prediction software (LAZAR, Toxtree, VEGA and TEST) based on the similarity with substances contained in their databases. The results concluded that curcumin stabilizer presents no toxicity, while guaiacol can have carcinogenic and mutagenic potential.






Original Papers