Trends and Prospects in the Use of Energetic Materials: A Comprehensive Analysis of Cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine, Cyclotetramethylene-tetranitramine, and Hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane


  • Thiago Augusto Barbieri de Oliveira Departamento de Ciência e Tecnologia Aeroespacial – Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica – Divisão de Ciências Fundamentais – São José dos Campos/SP, Brazil.
  • Gilson da Silva Instituto Nacional da Propriedade Industrial – Diretoria de Patentes – Rio de Janeiro/RJ, Brazil.
  • Elizabeth da Costa Mattos Departamento de Ciência e Tecnologia Aeroespacial – Instituto de Aeronáutica e Espaço – Divisão de Propulsão – São José dos Campos/SP, Brazil.


Energetic Materials, Explosives, Military Applications, Patent Analysis, Chemical Composition, Technological Innovation


This article provides a detailed look at how cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine (RDX), cyclotetramethylene-tetranitramine (HMX), and hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane (HNIW or CL-20) are currently being used for energy purposes in both civilian and military environments around the world. It highlights the significance of monitoring and prospecting for new technologies to promote innovation in developed and developing countries. This research was carried out by systematically analyzing nonpatent documents and patents from reputable databases such as Scopus, Derwent, and Espacenet. The report recognizes patent documentation as a valuable source of technical information and explores how analyzing patents can provide insights into using and developing high-performance compounds. Moreover, the article discusses the versatile applications of RDX, HMX, and CL-20, which are highly explosive substances that have found uses in multiple sectors. It delves into these materials’ chemical composition, structure, and importance in military and industrial contexts. The research methodology involved thoroughly searching and filtering documents from databases, focusing on titles, abstracts, and keywords. The results show the annual growth of publications related to the three explosive compounds and highlight the main research fields associated with each fabric. Overall, this article provides valuable insights into using and developing powerful compounds. It emphasizes the importance of technological monitoring and patent analysis in shaping strategic decision- making and fostering innovation. It is a foundation for further research and exploration of energetic materials and their applications.






Original Papers