A Study of Physical and Numerical Effects of Dissipation on Turbulent Flow Simulations
Keywords:Computational fluid dynamics, Turbulence modeling, Flux vector splitting scheme, Artificial dissipation.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5028/jatm.v5i2.179The present work is primarily concerned with studying the effects of artificial dissipation and of certain diffusive terms in the turbulence model formulation on the capability of representing turbulent boundary layer flows. The flows of interest in the present case are assumed to be adequately represented by the compressible Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations, and the Spalart-Allmaras eddy viscosity model is used for turbulence closure. The equations are discretized in the context of a general purpose, density-based, unstructured grid finite volume method. Spatial discretization is based on the Steger-Warming flux vector splitting scheme and temporal discretization uses a backward Euler point-implicit integration. The work discusses in detail the theoretical and numerical formulations of the selected model. The computational studies consider the turbulent flow over a flat plate at 0.3 freestream Mach number. The paper demonstrates that the excessive artificial dissipation automatically generated by the original spatial discretization scheme can deteriorate boundary layer predictions. Moreover, the results also show that the inclusion of Spalart-Allmaras model cross-diffusion terms is primarily important in the viscous sublayer region of the boundary layer. Finally, the paper also demonstrates how the spatial discretization scheme can be selectively modified to correctly control the artificial dissipation such that the flow simulation tool remains robust for high-speed applications at the same time that it can accurately compute turbulent boundary layer
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