The Open Innovation Journey in Emerging Economies: An Analysis of the Brazilian Aerospace Industry


  • Fabiano Armellini Polytechnique Montréal
  • Paulo Carlos Kaminski Escola Politécnica da Universidade de São Paulo
  • Catherine Beaudry Polytechnique Montréal


Open innovation, New product development, Aerospace industry


Open innovation is the systematic integration of collaborative, sourcing and revealing practices into a firm’s business strategy, which is not implemented at once, but through a journey. This paper investigates this subject in an emergent economy context, the Brazilian aerospace industry, presenting the critical analysis of a questionnaire-based survey performed by means of personal in-company interviews in 22 firms. It comprises a wide range of practices associated with open innovation, connected to a conceptual model. Open innovation elements were found in the sample, with no open business strategy behind them, though. Deficiencies regarding funding, R&D maturity and intellectual property protection prevent the cluster from being fully open innovator. The culture company in the sample was nevertheless found to be very prone towards openness. From that we conclude that open innovation in the cluster is still “unfreezing”, but with great potential to emerge once these problems are solved.

Author Biographies

Fabiano Armellini, Polytechnique Montréal

Assistant professor in the Department of Mathematics and Industrial Engineering

Paulo Carlos Kaminski, Escola Politécnica da Universidade de São Paulo

Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering

Catherine Beaudry, Polytechnique Montréal

Professor in the Department of Mathematics and Industrial Engineering






Original Papers